The Easiest Mushrooms to Grow
Basics of Mushroom Growing
5 Easiest Mushrooms to Grow at Home
Try Out a Mushroom Grow Kit
- 1 – Oyster Mushrooms
- 2 – Shiitake Mushrooms
- 3 – Morel Mushrooms
- 4 – Enoki Mushrooms
- 5 – Lion’s Mane
Thanks for supporting Ready Lifestyle! We participate in the Amazon associates program and other affiliate programs. We earn a small commission on qualifying orders at no expense to you.
pink oyster is a great choice.
White Oyster – Probably the most popular of the oyster variety, the white oyster mushroom produces a large yield. They are very pale in color and provide a mild flavor. You will find these are commonly used in Asian cuisine dishes.
Yellow Oyster – These are a vibrant yellow shade mushroom that is brightly colored for a fun yet tasty ingredient. These beautiful mushrooms are a high focal point for your garden space and are easy to grow.
How to Grow Oyster Mushrooms
There are a few key steps you will want to keep in mind when it comes to growing your oyster mushrooms effectively. The proper steps to take are:
- Inoculation: During this phase, the oyster mushroom spawn should be mixed with the substrate material. These mushrooms often prefer straw or sawdust for their substrate material. This mixture of the growing medium should then be placed into bags with small holes of air filters created for air exchange.
- Incubation: The bags with the medium should be placed in a warm dark room for time to incubate and begin the early phases of growth. You will want to keep the temperature between 68- and 75-degrees Fahrenheit for proper growth. You will want to give the medium 10 to 14 days to spawn and grow a full web of root-like threads of mycelium and colonize the substrate.
- Fruiting: Once the growing medium is fully colonized by the spawn, the mushrooms should begin fruiting. The bags will need to be exposed to autumn-like conditions with fresh oxygen, low light levels, high humidity, and cooler temperatures. At the point, the mycelium will be signaled that it is time to produce mushrooms, and small pins will begin to emerge.
- Harvesting: The tiny pins will begin to grow rapidly, and when fed by the water and nutrients of the mycelium, you will find full-sized mushrooms in just five to seven days. For most oyster mushrooms, a crop of mushrooms can be harvested three times before the mycelium becomes exhausted. You should expect that a new crop of mushrooms forms every week to two weeks, making them a popular choice for most growers.
Fungi Ally, some essential tips to growing your own shiitake mushrooms are:
- Choosing the Log – It is best to use hardwood logs for cultivation, such as oak, sugar maple, and beech. You will want to pick out logs that are between three and eight inches in diameter for this type of cultivation.
- Prepare the Log – You will want to drill holes all the way up the natural log, drilling one-inch holes every six inches, rotate the log by two inches, and drill the holes again. Offset the holes, so that the end of the drill makes a diamond pattern.
- Add the Mycelium – You will then put the mycelium into the log. You will want to tap the shitake spawn into the holes with a hammer and then wax over the spawn so that no other fungi can get inside. The mycelium is connected through the entire log and can fruit mushrooms throughout the wood.
- When to Grow Shiitakes – Often, June through October are the prime months for fruiting shiitakes on natural logs. They are great for home gardens because they need little work, and adding several logs can lead to an abundant supply of mushrooms. Shiitake mushrooms are much less sensitive to fluctuations in temperature and humidity than other fungi.
- Ideal Humidity – A higher humidity is preferred for shiitakes, especially during the early pinning stages. You can allow the humidity to dip below 65% occasionally; no adverse effects are usually noted in the overall size. For many, fluctuations in humidity can help reduce the possibility of contamination.
- Temperature Preferences – There are various strains of shiitake mushrooms, and the ideal temperature is very dependent on this. They usually prefer colder temperatures, but warm weather strains have developed that can withstand higher climates. The temperature can affect the size and quality of the mushrooms.
Harvesting Your Shiitake Mushrooms
When you harvest your mushroom is up to your preference. They will start as small fruits, and these can be more desirable in the kitchen. Often, the younger mushrooms are more flavorful and have a better texture than older fruits. The more youthful fruits can have a longer shelf life and are often the choice of commercial growers who harvest the fruit before the caps begin to uncurl from the stem.
However, if you decide to allow the fruit to grow larger, it will increase the overall yield substantially. Unfortunately, the longer the fruit is allowed to grow, the quality is reduced as far as taste is concerned. Larger shiitakes have thinner flesh in the cap, are much more prone to damage when handling, and will not last as long in the fridge.
To harvest your shiitake mushrooms, you will simply take a sharp knife and cut the mushroom off at the stem. You will want to hold a basket or bowl under the plant so that they fall into the container. They are relatively resistant to damage, especially when younger, but allowing them to fall straight into the container reduces the handling time.
Comparative to other mushroom breeds, shiitakes last much longer when stored. If you harvest them when the outside of the cap is relatively dry and then allow it to dry out completely before refrigerating, they can last up to two weeks in the fridge.
morel mushroom has thousands of microscopic spores that can grow into a new morel when given a chance. Naturally, these spores will travel by air, but cultivating them requires you to capture them in a slurry. This is a little different than other mushroom types and requires you to follow these steps:
- Soak a freshly picked morel in a bucket of distilled water overnight. This will gather the spores that you will use to grow new mushrooms.
- After this soaking period, you will want to pour this slurry around an area where you have noticed morels growing. If you do not have an abundance of morels in your area, pour them at the base of a mature or dead ash, oak, elm, apple, or similar tree.
- At this point, a three to five-year period of nutrient gathering begins. Underground filaments or mycelium will form, and the mushroom will start to develop. Of course, these mushrooms take much longer to grow than other types, and the fruiting body is the last stage of growth.
- Morels do not need to reach a specific size for you to harvest them as they are just as tasty when they are young as when they are larger. Since these mushrooms grow outdoors and can take years to fruit, you do not want to leave them long enough that an animal or the weather affects them. To harvest them, you will cut or pinch them off at ground level, and you can store them for up to a week in the refrigerator in between moist paper towels.
lion’s mane plug spawn for greater yield of mushrooms. Of course, you will want to do a little more research into log inoculation and how to do the necessary steps to plug spawn.
Uniquely, the lion’s mane mushroom have little teeth or spine that come off the fruited body. The lion’s mane mushrooms do not start out with these spines when they are young, but they will develop as it matures. The spines grow first by protruding outwards and then cascading downwards.
Once your lion’s mane have fruited from the holes, you can grab the body, twist, and pull to harvest them. You should be able to easily remove the mushroom from the log or totem you are using. Often, the base of the mushroom will be tough, but the rest of the lion’s mane is delicious and ready to eat.
mushroom grow kits online. These mushroom grow kits can help you get first-hand experience on growing mushrooms but have everything you need easily selected for you. This is one of the easiest ways to get started with your mushroom crop with little hassle.
Most of the kits are sold online and will be sent to you in the mail. You will want to begin your kit as soon as it arrives, making sure to read all directions that come with the kit. Most of these kits come with a block of substrate and mycelium of whichever mushroom you chose. They will have different directions based on the mushroom you are planning to grow, and you will want to ensure that you pay attention to this.
Most of these kits require you to cut holes into the container that arrives so that mushrooms can grow out of this plastic. You will often mist them daily to ensure that they stay humid and have the moisture needed to grow properly. You will often see mushrooms in a little over a week and depending on the kit you purchase; you can get up to a couple of pounds of fresh mushrooms.